A Fluid with a Complex
When the sperm begins its journey, the prostate gland
secretes a fluid and immediately afterwards another
fluid comes from the seminal vesicles; they join the
sperm and semen is produced. All together they travel
towards the mother's body. As we described earlier in
detail, the function of these fluids is to have the
nourishment ready to provide the energy that the sperm
need, and particularly to neutralize the acids at the
entrance to the mother's uterus, making an environment
in which the sperm can move more easily.
In this picture we see
sperm moving in seminal fluid. Seminal fluid
is a mixture of fluids secreted by various glands.
Contrary to popular opinion, of all the components
of this complex fluid, only the sperm has the
ability to fertilise. This scientific fact-only
recently discovered-was revealed in the Qur'an
1,400 years ago..
The whole of this fluid which is ejected from the male
body for the process of fertilisation is called semen.
10% of it comes from the sperm canals, 60% from the
seminal vesicles, 30% from the prostate gland and the
rest is sperm cells and a small quantity of fluids from
other secretory glands.7 That
is, what we call semen is a complex combination of fructose,
phosphorylcholine, ergothioneine, ascorbic acid, flavins,
prostaglandins, citric acid, cholesterol, zinc, acid
phosphatase, lactic acid, fibrinolytic and proteolytic
enzymes, hyaluronidase and sperm.8
We have before our eyes a wonder
that God has revealed in the Qur'an.
In many places in the Qur'an God calls attention to
human creation and commands us to think about this matter.
Scientists who have investigated these verses of the
Qur'an have discovered that a number of wonders of the
Qur'an are hidden in those verses that give information
about human creation. For example, it has been discovered
in research done with the help of modern scientific
technology that semen is composed of a mixture of different
substances. But this information was made known in the
Qur'an 1400 years ago. Semen is described as a "mingled"
drop in the Qur'an:
We created man from a mingled drop
to test him, and We made him hearing and seeing. (Qur'an,
Of the components which make up this fluid, only one
sperm fertilises the egg. A large number of people think
that the semen as a whole does the fertilising; however,
only a small part of the semen, a sperm, does this.
That is, a human being comes into being not from the
semen as a whole, but from a small part of it (the sperm).
In the course of sexual union, along with the semen,
about 250-300 million sperm are ejaculated from the
male. But out of millions of sperm, only about 1000
manage to reach the egg and of these 1000, the egg will
only receive one. That is, the essence of a human being
is not contained in the semen as a whole, but just in
a small part of it. This fact, about which many people
either have no knowledge or are misinformed even today,
was revealed in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago. The Qur'an
explains this reality in these words:
Does man reckon he will be left to
go on unchecked? Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm?
(Qur'an, 75: 36-37)
In another verse, it is indicated again that semen
is a mixture and humanity is created out of the "extract"
of this mixture.
He has created all things in the best
possible way. He commenced the creation of man from
clay; then produced his seed from an extract of discarded
fluid. (Qur'an, 32: 7-8)
If we examine the meaning of the Arabic in this verse,
it becomes clear that we are confronted with a wonder
of the Qur'an. The English word "extract" translates
the Arabic "sulala"; and means the essence or the best
part of a thing. By either implication, it is "a part
of a whole".
This shows clearly that the Qur'an is the word of a
Will that knows about human creation down to the finest
detail. This Will belongs to God, the Creator of human
7. Arthur C. Guyton, John E.
Hall, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 10th ed., Harcourt
International Ed., PA, 2000, p. 919
8. Dr. Gerald E. Poesnecker, One Flesh,
A New Look at Human Sexuality, chapter 3. (http://www.oneflesh.org/OF-Chap%203.html)