The Ape-Man Similarity is A Fabrication
completion of the human's gene map today does not yield
the result that man and ape are relatives. One need
not be deceived by evolutionists' attempts to exploit
this new scientific development just as they have done
with all others.
As known, the recent completion of the human gene map
within the scope of the Human Genome Project was a very
important scientific advance. However, some results
of this project are being distorted in some evolutionist
publications. It is claimed that the chimpanzee genes
bear a 98% similarity to human genes and this is promoted
as an evidence for the claim that apes are related to
humans, and therefore, to the theory of evolution. In
truth, this is a "fake" evidence put forward
by evolutionists who take advantage of the lack of knowledge
about this subject in society.
98 % Similarity Claim is a Misleading
First, it should be stated that the concept of 98%
similarity between human and chimpanzee DNA frequently
advanced by evolutionists is deceptive.
In order to claim that the genetic make-up of man and
chimpanzee bear a 98% similarity, the genome of the
chimpanzee also has to be mapped, just like that of
man, the two have to be compared, and the result of
this comparison has to be obtained. However no such
result is available, because so far, only the human
gene has been mapped. No such research has yet been
done on the chimpanzee.
In reality, the 98 % similarity between human and chimpanzee
genes, which now and then enters the agenda, is a propaganda-oriented
slogan deliberately invented years ago. This similarity
is an extraordinarily exaggerated generalisation grounded
on the similarity in the amino acid sequences of some
30-40 basic proteins present in man and the chimpanzee.
A sequence analysis has been made with a method named
"DNA hybridization" on the DNA sequences that
are correlated with these proteins and only those limited
number of proteins have been compared.
there are about one hundred thousand genes, and therefore
one hundred thousand proteins encoded by these genes
in humans. For that reason, there is no scientific basis
for claiming that all the genes of man and ape are 98%
similar just because of the similarity in 40 out of
On the other hand, the DNA comparison carried out on
these 40 proteins is also controversial. This comparison
was made in 1987 by two biologists named Sibley and
Ahlquist and published in the periodical named Journal
of Molecular Evolution.15
However another scientist named Sarich who examined
the data obtained by these two scientists concluded
that the reliability of the method they used is controversial
and that the data has been exaggeratedly interpreted.16 Dr. Don Batten, another biologist, also
analysed the issue in 1996 and concluded that the real
similarity rate is 96.2%, not 98 %.17
Human DNA is also Similar to that
of the Worm, Mosquito and Chicken!
Moreover, the above-mentioned basic proteins are common
vital molecules present in various other living things.
The structure of the same kinds of proteins present
not only in chimpanzee, but also in completely different
living creatures, is very similar to that in humans.
For example, the genetic analyses published in New
Scientist have revealed a 75 % similarity between the
DNAs of nematode worms and man.18 This definitely does not mean that there
is only a 25% difference between man and these worms!
According to the family tree made by evolutionists,
the Chordata phylum, in which man is included, and the
Nematoda phylum were different from each other even
530 million years ago.
On the other hand, in another finding which also appeared
in the local media, it was stated that the comparisons
carried out between the genes of fruit flies belonging
to the Drosophila species and human genes yielded a
similarity of 60%.19
A headline from a popular newspaper in Turkey:"It
is discovered that we are relatives with flies!".
A fruit fly, whose genetic code has been mapped
surprised scientists. The genes of the fly are
similar to those of man's by 60%.
In another case, analyses done on some proteins show
man as closely linked to some very different living
things. In a survey carried out by researchers in Cambridge
University, some proteins of land-dwelling animals were
compared. Amazingly, in nearly all samples, human beings
and chickens were paired as the closest relatives. The
next closest relative was the crocodile.20
Another example used by evolutionists on "the
genetic similarity between man and ape", is the
presence of 48 chromosomes in chimpanzees and gorillas
versus 46 chromosomes in man.Evolutionists regard the
closeness of the number of chromosomes as indication
of an evolutionary relationship. However, if this logic
used by evolutionists were valid, then man would have
an even closer relative than the chimpanzee: "the
potato"!. Because the number of chromosomes in
potatoes is the same as that of man: 46
These examples confirm that the concept of genetic
similarity does not constitute evidence for the theory
of evolution. This is because the genetic similarities
are not in line with the alleged evolutionary schemes,
and on the contrary, yield completely opposite results.
15 Sibley and
Ahlquist, Journal of Molecular Evolution, vol. 26, pp.
16 Sarich et al. 1989. Cladistics 5:3-32
17 C. E. N. 19(1): 21-22, December
18 New Scientist, 15 May 1999, p. 27
19 Hürriyet daily, 24 February 2000
20 New Scientist, v. 103, 16 August
1984, p. 19