The Skeleton Composed
are 206 bones in our body. You may think that this is
too many, but with the example we will give, you will
understand how necessary it is to have that many bones.
Let's consider the fingers. If each of your fingers
consisted of only one bone, you would not be able to
hold a book. This is because
a stiff bone cannot be bent and will eventually break
if you force it too hard. Since you would not be able
to bend your fingers, you would not be able to grasp
or catch hold of objects either. Neither would you be
able to write or eat. What enables you to hold a
book easily and maybe to drink your fruit juice at the
same time is the existence of 27 interconnected bones,
including those of your fingers, in your hand.
As previously stated, there are 206 bones
in our bodies, which are connected to each other like
those in the hands. Each of these bones is situated
in their places according to an intelligent plan. It
is thanks to this perfect plan that you can bend your
body forward, kneel and turn your head to the side.
But make no mistake: you cannot do all these things
just by using your bones, because bones cannot be bent.
There are joints at the connection points of your bones.
Thanks to these joints, you can easily bend your arm,
raise your leg and use your fingers.
us give you an example in order to help you better understand
how important joints are for the motion of our bones:
Suppose that you made a wooden puppet.
What should you do to move its arms? The arms of the
puppet will surely not move unless you place a joint
where the arms are connected to the shoulder. How will
you make its legs movable then? You have to use an articulating
piece again where its legs join the trunk. Only then
can you move the wooden puppet's arms and legs. Likewise,
if you separate the wood you have used for arms and
legs into two pieces and place articulating pieces,
or joints, between these pieces, then the puppet's arms
and legs will also be bendable at the elbows and knees
respectively. As may be clearly understood by this example,
having many bones and joints placed between them where
necessary enables us to move easily.
THE INIMITABLE PROPERTIES OF
There are different types of joints between
our bones. While some joints enable bones to move back
and forth, others enable bones to move sideways. Now
let's examine the joints and bones a little more closely.
Our bones have undertaken the duties of
carrying and protecting our bodies. Certainly, they
are created capable and strong enough to perform these
lattice structure, which explains the strength
of bones, is also applied in constructing strong
buildings. The inner structure of bones served
as a model for the construction of many well-known
buildings. The Eiffel Tower is one of them.
Our bones are light because they are interspersed
with small holes like a honeycomb. But even though they
are very light thanks to this porous structure, they
are also very rigid. However this does not mean that
they are fragile. On the contrary, they are so rigid
that if you take the same amounts of bone and steel,
they are 5 times stronger than steel. The thighbones
in our legs, for example, have such an enormous capacity
that they can lift a one ton load while standing upright.
When you hop or jump from side to side, this bone is
put under a weight corresponding to 3-4 times your body
weight. However, you do not suffer any damage thanks
to the firmness of your bones.
THE SKULL: THE ARMOUR OF
As well as protecting
the brain, the skull also provides connection
points for the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. Although
it may seem to have quite a simple structure,
the skull is actually the most comprehensive part
of the skeleton. It has 22 different bones connected
to each other.
What makes bones so strong? In fact, the
answer to this question is hidden in the matchless creation
of bones, which we have briefly mentioned above. Bones
are made of porous tissue like honeycomb. It is thanks
to this structure that they are both very strong and
light enough for easy use. Had it been otherwise, that
is, if the inner parts of the bones had been rigid and
did not have any spaces like the outer part, the bones
would be too heavy. Furthermore, since they would not
be elastic at all, you could have your bones broken
or cracked with even the slightest of blows, say when
you hit your arm lightly against the edge of a closet.
However, Allah is All-Merciful and He created our bones
so as to afford physical ease and protection.
Right from your birth, all
of your bones have grown and lengthened in a perfectly
proportional way. It is thanks to this well proportioned
lengthening of the bones that we become taller
as we grow older.
What bones are made of has interested
scientists a lot and they have tried to imitate bone
tissue for years. This tissue, which is very strong,
despite being very light, and which, most importantly,
is capable of repairing itself, can grow on its own.
The reason why your current body length is not the same
as your length when you were 4-5 years old and why it
will be different when you are 19-20 is the growth of
your bones. Amazingly this growth is very well proportioned.
Your arms grow while your legs grow; your fingers and
toes grow harmoniously and the growth of each bone stops
at an exact time. Furthermore, this does not happen
only in your body but also in every healthy person's
body. Everybody has bones possessing these characteristics.
Scientists are conducting studies in order
to produce a substance similar to the one that forms
the bones in a human body. However, nobody has been
able to develop a substance with such advanced characteristics
as a bone has.
It is thanks to the compassion of our
Lord that our bones enable us to live our lives easily
and to do a wide range of movements without difficulty
and without suffering any pain.