The Importance of "Planning" Among
we look at the development of the embryo, we see that
it shows a high degree of proportion and harmony. At
the end of the first month, fully developed eyes, ears,
nose, chin and cheeks become visible.
In the course of this harmonious development it is
very important that growth and structural change are
ensured. It is necessary that these changes occur in
the same way for all parts of the body, because all
the organs of the human body have a highly complex structure.
For example, the eye alone has 40 different parts. In
order for the eye to be able to perform its function,
it is necessary that the growth of these parts be proportionate,
the connections between the parts be sound and that
every part be in its own place. Otherwise, the eye could
not perform its function. In the same way, in the formation
of the arm, the bones and muscles must begin their formation
at the same time.
As can be understood from this, all the cells of the
embryo act in harmony. Every one of them is aware of
the general plan of the body. Every one of them sends
a number of messages and reacts to messages coming from
other cells. All the cells in the embryo act together;
with real understanding, each one different from the
other, they use what is required in the information
contained in the DNA as needed.
But how do the cells know where to go and what to do? How
can they act in such harmony together with other cells?
Who decides how to use the genetic material contained
in the cells and how will the cells differentiate between
one and another?
In the organs of our bodies there must
be no deficiency or excess. A deficiency in an organ
is sometimes fatal; at least it causes some disability.
An excess places an unnecessary burden on the body.
In that case, first it is necessary to determine the
number of organs that the body needs. How is this number
determined? How is it that when a group of cells begins
to make an organ, another group of cells is not making
a second, exactly similar organ?
It is God Who Creates the Body
From a Piece of Flesh
Before it begins to develop,
the embryo resembles a mass of flesh. The eyes,
ears, heart and other organs develop and a brand
new person comes into being. Above we can see
the series of developments that occur in the
formation of the human face. Every human being
on the face of the earth has undergone these
stages. As a collection of cells unaware of
its own existence, a human being continues through
this development in a protected and secure environment
prepared in the mother's womb. The symmetrical
eyes, the eyebrows, nose, mouth, and the protective
skin are all formed in the mother's body. These
wondrous transformations seen in the picture
above are a proof of the creative art of God.
It is the duty of every person in the world
to consider this truth and give thanks to God.
Evolutionists try to avoid this issue by saying that
the DNA molecule is responsible for all these functions,
but this is only a deception. The basic point to consider
here is this: who placed all the information in the
DNA molecule of every cell of the body? Moreover, who
decided where, when and how this information is to be
used? To these questions the evolutionists can give
Cells formed from unconscious and lifeless
atoms, blood vessels, tissues, air, wind, or any other
material thing, have no power to make such a decision.
It is God Who imprinted this marvellous plan in the
DNA and it is God Who ensures the perfect realization
of this plan by inspiring the cells to do what they
must. God has power over all things.
CREATION OF THE EYE
the fourth week, two cavities are formed on either
side of the embryo's head. It is hard to believe,
but the eyes will be formed in these cavities
beginning in the sixth week. For months the cells
work according to an incredible plan, forming
the various parts of the eye one by one. Some
cells make the cornea, some make the pupil and
others make the lens. When a part that a particular
cell constructs is completed, the cell ceases
to work. Each cell makes a different part of the
eye; afterwards, they unite with one another in
a marvellous way. There is no error in the process;
nothing else takes the place of the pupil, and
the cornea, eye muscles, and every other element
is in place. These operations continue and the
eye is perfectly formed with its various layers.
Here we must ask
ourselves a few questions: How do these cells
know that they must construct different layers?
How do they decide where to begin and end the
construction of each layer? To these questions
there is only one answer: The cells are able to
perform this conscious activity because they move
under the inspiration of God. But evolutionists
who try to explain the formation of a human being
by the operations of chance cannot give an answer
to these questions.
who explained the perfect plan in the human body
was Hoimar von Ditfurth. In his book, Im Anfang
War Der Wasserstoff (In the Beginning was Hydrogen),
he explained the formation of a human being in
detail, but he confessed that the theory of evolution
could never give an answer to the questions "how"
If there is no plan
to determine where and when the construction will
begin and in what sequence each of its components
will be put into operation, that plan will be
useless, even if it is excellent in other respects.
We know that we must start constructing this building
from the foundation up and after we finish the
walls we put on the roof. But before the electrical
and water installations are completed, we cannot
go on to the plastering. Along with a blueprint
that is followed exactly in every construction,
there is also a right time to do it.
is also valid for natural constructions and especially
for cells. But we know almost nothing about how
this "before and after" relationship occurs in
the organization of a cell. Biologists have not
yet been able to find out who tells a cell what
part of the plan it has to put into effect and
when. Who gives the command that hinders the operation
of some genes at just the right time, how an embargo
on some genes is removed, and who sets suppressor-genes
and enhancer genes into action? These are questions
about which we are completely in the dark.1
In the formation
of the eye, "the world's finest camera", we have
seen that unconscious cells act with the utmost
awareness, creating the eye in the mother's body
from nothing. Certainly, it is not the cells themselves
that succeed in doing this extraordinary thing:
they act under the inspiration of the Almighty
God. In the Qur'an, God reveals that He gives
human beings their form:
He is God-the Creator,
the Maker, the Giver of Form. To Him belong the
Most Beautiful Names. Everything in the heavens
and earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the
All-Wise. (Qur'an, 59: 24)
von Ditfurth, Im Anfang War Der Wasserstoff (In
the Beginning was Hydrogen), pp. 129-130
Wrapping of Muscles Over the Bones
Until very recently, embryologists
assumed that the bones and muscles in an embryo
developed at the same time. Yet, recent research
has revealed a very different fact which had gone
unrecognised by man. First, the cartilage tissue
of the embryo ossifies. Then muscular cells that
are selected from amongst the tissue around the
bones come together and wrap around the bones.
This fact, which has recently
been discovered by science, was related to man
in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago:
Then We formed the drop into
an alaq (embryo) and formed alaq into a lump and
formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones
in flesh thus bringing forth another creature.
Blessed be God, the Best of Creators! (Qur'an,
This event, of which the Qur'an
informed us 1,400 years ago, is thus described
in a scientific publication titled Developing
The shape of
the skeleton determines the general appearance
of the embryo in the bones stage during the 7th
week; muscles do not develop at the same time
but their development follows around the bones
throughout the body and therefore clothe the bones.
Thus the muscles take their well known forms and
In short, man's developmental
stages as described in the Qur'an are in perfect
harmony with the findings of modern embryology.
God, the Lord of all the worlds, had given this
information to man centuries ago.
L. Moore, The Developing Human, W.B. Saunders
Company, PA, 1982, p. 364a
Preparations for the World Outside
The baby, whose organs are slowly developing and who
is beginning to move, awaits a further development.
In order for the baby to survive in an environment totally
different from the secure one in which it now lives,
it is necessary that the required arrangements be made.
On the left, the foetus
can be seen in the amniotic membrane. The fluid
inside the membrane protects the foetus from
shocks and trauma. In addition, the amniotic
fluid also prepares the intestines of the foetus
for their absorptive function, assists the functioning
of the kidneys and ensures the constant temperature
needed by the foetus. The presence of amniotic
fluid is also important for the health of the
mother. Because of this fluid, the foetus is
prevented from exerting pressure on the uterus.
To this end, the baby needs to start moving slowly
and put its newly formed organs into operation. This
problem has been solved in the most wonderful way. In
the membrane separating the baby from the uterus, a
special fluid called "amniotic fluid" begins to be produced.
The baby's kidneys and lungs, the amniotic membrane
and the surrounding uterus contribute to the formation
of this fluid.39
Lux Flanagan, Beginning Life, Dorling Kindersley, London,
1996, p. 74