Self-Replication of DNA
As known, cells multiply by dividing. While the human
body is initially composed of a single cell, this cell
divides and reproduces by folds with a ratio of 2-4-8-16-32..
The DNA molecule shown here
is in the process of replication, separating down
the middle. When strands separate, each attracts
base pairs in the same sequence carried by its
What happens to DNA at the end of this dividing process?
There is only one DNA chain in the cell. However, it
is evident that the newly formed cell will also require
a DNA. In order to fill this gap, DNA completes an interesting
series of operations, every phase of which is a different
miracle. Finally, soon before the cell divides, it makes
a copy of itself and transfers this to the new cell.
The observations regarding the cell division show that
the cell has to reach a specific size before dividing.
The moment it exceeds this particular size, the division
process automatically starts. While the shape of the
cell begins to get smoother so as to accommodate the
division process, DNA starts to replicate itself as
This means that the cell 'decides' to divide as a whole
and the different parts of the cell start to act in
accordance to this decision of dividing. It is evident
that the cell is devoid of the consciousness to accomplish
such a collective action. The division process starts
with a secret order and the entire cell, foremost DNA,
acts by this order.
First, DNA divides into two to replicate itself. This
event takes place in a very interesting manner. The
DNA molecule which resembles a spiral ladder divides
into two like a zip from the middle of the rungs of
the ladder. From now on, DNA divides into two portions.
The missing halves (replicates) of both of the two portions
are completed with the materials present in the milieu.
In this way, two new DNA molecules are produced. In
every phase of the operation, expert proteins called
"enzymes" that function like advanced robots
take part. Though it seems simple at first sight, the
intermediary processes taking place throughout this
operation are so many and so complicated that to describe
the whole event in detail would take pages.
The new DNA molecules that emerge during replication
are checked repeatedly by inspector enzymes. If there
is any mistake done - which can be quite vital, it is
immediately identified and corrected. The erroneous
code is removed and replaced by the correct one. All
these processes take place at such a dazzling speed
that while 3.000 base pairs are produced in a minute,
on the other hand, all these pairs are checked repeatedly
by the enzymes in charge and the necessary amendments
In the newly produced DNA molecule, more mistakes can
be done than normal as a result of external factors.
In this case, the ribosomes in the cell start to produce
DNA repair enzymes upon the order given by DNA. Thus,
as DNA protects itself, it also guarantees the preservation
of the generation.
The cells are born, they reproduce and die just like
human beings. Yet the life spans of cells are much shorter
than the life of the human they constitute. For instance,
the majority of the cells that used to make up your
body six months ago do not exist today. However, you
are now able to survive because they have divided on
time to leave their places to the new ones. For this
reason, highly complex operations like multiplication
of the cells and replication of DNA are vital processes
which cannot tolerate even a minor mistake in regards
to man's survival. However, the multiplication process
runs so smoothly that the rate of error is only one
in 3 billion base pairs. And this one error is eliminated
by the higher control mechanisms in the body without
causing any problems.
through the day, while you are unaware, numerous operations
and controls are made, many measures are taken in your
body in an incredibly fastidious and responsible manner
for you to lead your life without any problem. Every
single thing carries out its duty successfully and completely.
God has given to your service countless atoms and molecules,
from the biggest to the smallest, from the simplest
to the most complex, so that you may live a good and
healthy life. Is even this blessing and favour alone
not sufficient for you to give thanks? Or should one
always wait for problems to occur in this perfect system
before coming to one's senses?
The most interesting point is that these enzymes which
help the production of DNA and control its composition
are actually proteins produced according to the information
coded in DNA and under the command and control of DNA.
There is such an intertwined, perfect system at work
that it is by no means possible for such a system to
have attained this state by gradual coincidences. Just
as DNA has to exist for the enzyme to exist, so the
enzyme has to exist for DNA to exist, and for both to
exist, on the other hand, the cell has to exist completely,
down to its membrane and all other complex organelles
The theory of evolution asserting that living beings
evolved 'step by step' as a result of 'beneficial coincidences'
is explicitly refuted by the above mentioned DNA-enzyme
paradox. This is because both DNA and the enzyme have
to exist at the same time. And this shows the existence
of a conscious Creator, that is, God.
Evolutionists Can not Explain How
the Information in DNA
Originated and How It Differs in Every Species
While evolutionists can in no way bring any explanation
to the subject of how DNA originated, there is yet another
point where they reach an impasse. How come fish, reptiles,
birds, human beings etc. have come to possess different
DNAs and different types of information?
Evolutionists answer that question by saying that the
body of information in DNA developed and diversified
over time by means of coincidences. The coincidences
they refer to are "mutations". Mutations are
changes which take place in DNA as a result of radiation
or chemical action. Sometimes radioactive radiation
happens to fall on a DNA chain and destroys or displaces
several base pairs therein. According to evolutionists,
living things have reached their present perfect state
as a result of the diversification of a single DNA due
to these mutations (i.e., accidents).
Mutations are defined as breaks or replacements
taking place in the DNA molecule. These breaks
or replacements are the result of external effects
such as radiation or chemical action. Every mutation
is an "accident" and either damages the nucleotides
making up the DNA or changes their locations.
To show that this claim is unreasonable, let us compare
DNA to a book again. We have already mentioned that
DNA is made up of letters lined up sideways just like
in a book. Mutations are like the letter errors that
occur during the type-setting of this book. If you like,
we can do an experiment on this subject. Let us ask
for a thick book about the history of the world to be
type-set. During the type-setting, let us intervene
several times and tell the type-setter to press one
of keys blindfolded and at random. Then let us give
this text containing letter errors to someone else and
have him do the same thing over again. Using this method,
let us have the book type-set from the beginning to
the end several times, thus having a few more letter
errors added to it at random each time...
Could this history book ever develop by this method?
For instance, would an additional chapter named "The
History of Ancient China", which previously was
not present, emerge?
To be sure, the letter errors we have added to the
book would not develop it, but rather ruin it and distort
its meaning. The more we increase the number of faulty
copying processes, the more spoiled our book will be.
Yet the claim of the theory of evolution is that "letter
errors help develop a book". According to evolution,
mutations (errors) occurring in DNA have led to beneficial
results by accumulating and thus furnishing living beings
with perfect organs such as eyes, ears, wings, hands
and consciousness-related qualities such as thinking,
learning, and reasoning.
Unquestionably, this claim is even more unreasonable
than the above example of the addition of the chapter
called "The History of Ancient China" to a
book on world history as a result of the accumulation
of letter errors. (Moreover there is no mechanism in
nature that causes regular mutations as in the example
of the type-setter making regular mistakes. The mutations
in nature take place much more rarely than the letter
errors that would occur during the type-setting of a
Left: A normal fruit fly (drosophila)
Right: A fruit fly with its legs jutting from
its head; a mutation induced by radiation.
Every "explanation" put forward by the theory
of evolution on the origin of life is unreasonable and
unscientific. One outspoken authority on this issue
is the famous French zoologist Pierre Grassé, the former
president of the French Academy of Sciences. Grassé
is also an evolutionist, but he states clearly that
Darwinist theory is unable to explain life and makes
his point about the logic of "coincidence",
which is the backbone of Darwinism:
The opportune appearance of mutations permitting animals
and plants to meet their needs seems hard to believe.
Yet the Darwinian theory is even more demanding: A single
plant, a single animal would require thousands and thousands
of lucky, appropriate events. Thus, miracles would become
the rule: events with an infinitesimal probability could
not fail to occur… There is no law against daydreaming,
but science must not indulge in it.4
Indeed, the theory of evolution, which claims that
lifeless matter came together by itself and formed living
beings with such glorious systems as DNA, is a scenario
totally contrary to science and reason. All this leads
us to an evident conclusion. Since life has a plan (DNA)
and all living beings are fashioned according to this
plan, it is evident that there is a superior Creator
Who devised this plan. This simply means that all living
beings are created by God, the All-Powerful, All-Wise.
God states this fact in the Qur'an in this way:
He is God – the Creator, the Maker,
the Giver of Form. To Him belong the Most Beautiful
Names. Everything in the heavens and earth glorifies
Him. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (Surat al-Hashr:
Today, what people have achieved by means of technology
can at best be described as 'an approach to the understanding
of a tiny fragment of God's knowledge, as manifested
in human DNA.'
On the other hand, the theory of evolution which tries
to explain the origin of life as a series of coincidences,
loses all validity in face of the question: "How
then, did DNA originate?"
4 Pierre-P Grassé,
Evolution of Living Organisms, New York: Academic Press,
1977, p. 103. 3