In every part of our body there reigns a tiny yet
complex life. An examination under the microscope into
the depths of any human organ brings us face to face
with an astounding miracle of creation: millions of
tiny living things that have come together to make up
that organ are engaged in arduous activity. These tiny
beings are cells, the basic units of life. Not only
man but also all other living things are composed of
these microscopic living beings.
There are about 100 trillion cells in the human body.
Some of these cells are so tiny that even 1 million
of them together hardly cover a space as large as the
pointed end of a pin. Despite this, however, the
cell is by far the most complex structure mankind has
ever encountered, as is also agreed by the scientific
community. Containing many secrets hitherto undiscovered,
the cell of a living thing also constitutes the greatest
impasse for the theory of evolution. That is because
the cell is one of the most striking pieces of evidence
that human beings and all other living beings are not
the products of coincidences, but are created by a Creator.
In order for the cell to survive, all the basic components
of the cell, each performing many vital functions, have
to be intact. If the cell came into existence by evolution,
then millions of its components had to simultaneously
exist in the same place and they had to come together
in a particular order and plan. Since this is utterly
implausible, such a structure has no explanation other
than "creation." One of the leading evolutionists, Alexander
Oparin, expressed the deadlock the theory of evolution
encountered in this way:
"Unfortunately, the origin of the cell
remains a question which is actually the darkest point
of the complete evolution theory." (Alexander I. Oparin,
Origin of Life, (1936) NewYork: Dover Publications,
1953 (Reprint), p.196)
The English mathematician and astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle
made a similar comparison in one of his interviews published
in Nature magazine dated November 12, 1981. Although
an evolutionist himself, Hoyle said that the odds
that higher life forms might have emerged in this way
was comparable to the odds of a tornado sweeping through
a junk-yard assembling a Boeing 747 from the materials
in it. This means that it is not possible for the
cell to come into being by coincidence and therefore,
it must definitely have been "created".
Despite this however, evolutionists still claim that
life came into existence by chance under the conditions
of the primordial earth, which was the most uncontrolled
environment possible. This is a claim entirely incompatible
with scientific data. In addition, even the simplest
probability calculations verify in mathematical terms
that not even one single protein out of millions existing
in the cell could have come into being by coincidence,
let alone a single cell of an organism.
To gain some understanding of the awe-inspiring structure
of the cell, it will be enough to examine just the structure
and functions of the membrane enveloping these cellular
The cell membrane is an ambient cover for the cell,
yet its duty is not limited to it. This membrane both
regulates communications and relations with neighboring
cells and deftly coordinates and supervises the entries
and exits to the cell.
The cell membrane is so thin, at just one hundred thousandth
of a millimeter, that one can detect it only under an
electron microscope. The membrane resembles a double-sided
endless wall. On this wall, there are doors making entry
to and exit from the cell possible and receptors allowing
the membrane to recognize the extracellular environment.
These doors and receptors are made of protein molecules.
They are located on the cell wall and meticulously check
all the entries and exits to the cell.
What are the accomplishments of this thin structure
made up of unconscious molecules such as fat and protein?
That is, which features of the membrane lead us to call
it "conscious" and "wise"?
The primary duty of the cell membrane is to enclose
the cellular organelles so as to keep them intact. However,
it has a far more complex function than this. It supplies
the substances vital for the continuity of the cell
and its functions from the extracellular environment.
Outside the cell, there are countless chemical substances.
The cell membrane recognizes the substances essential
for the cell and only lets them in. It acts very economically
and never allows in more than what the cell needs. Meanwhile,
it detects harmful wastes in the cell right away and,
without losing any time, discharges them from the cell.
Another function of the cell membrane is to instantly
transmit the messages, which are received from the brain
or any other part of the body via hormones, to the center
of the cell. To perform these functions, it has to know
all the activities and developments taking place in
the cell, keep a list of required or excess substances,
keep stocks under control and act under the guidance
of a superior memory and decision-making skills.
The cell membrane is so selective that without its
authorization, not even a single substance in the extracellullar
environment can pass through the cell doors, even by
chance. There is not even a single unnecessary, purposeless
molecule in the cell. Exits from the cell are also
strictly checked. The duty of the cell membrane is vital
and it does not permit even minor errors. The entry
of a wrong or harmful chemical substance into the cell,
the supply or discharge of a substance in excess amounts
or failure to discharge waste products on time, or as
required, mean the death of the cell.
If the first living cell had come into existence by
coincidence as evolutionists claim, and if just one
of these properties of the membrane had not been fully
formed, then the cell would certainly have disappeared
in a very short time.
Which "coincidence", then, formed such a "wise" mass
Let's ask another question, which by itself refutes
the theory of evolution straight away; does the "wisdom"
displayed in the aforementioned functions belong to
the cell membrane?
Keep in mind that these functions are not carried out
by a human being or a machine such as a computer or
robot under man's control, but are merely in a cover
enclosing the cell, which is made up of fat mixed here
and there with various proteins. We also need to consider
that the cell membrane, which can handle so many complex
tasks flawlessly, has no brain or center of thinking.
It is obvious that such wise patterns of behavior
and a conscious decision-making mechanism could not
have been caused by the cell membrane itself, which
is a layer made up of fat and protein molecules.
This also holds true for all other cellular organelles.
These organelles do not even have a nervous system,
let alone a brain to think and make decisions with.
Despite this, however, they accomplish incredibly complex
tasks, make precise calculations and take vital decisions.
That is because each one of them obeys the orders of
God, Who created them flawlessly and sustains them.
In the 12th verse of Surat at-Talaq, the
fact that everything acts in compliance with the command
of God is stated:
It is God who has created seven
heavens, and earth as many. His commandment descends
through them, so that you may learn that God has power
over all things and that God encompasses all things
with His knowledge.